A word Norwegians are not very proud of having given to the world: it derives from Vidkun Quisling (1887-1945), a Norwegian politician who collaborated with the Nazis during World War II. Quisling's name became a synonym for "traitor", someone who collaborates with the invaders of his country, especially by serving in a puppet government.

Vidkun Quisling founded Nasjonal Samling (National Unity) in 1933. What started out as a small and not very influential party became the only party allowed during the war. Quisling became the leader for a government ruling Norway from April 9 1940 until May 9 1945.

Quisling became a quisling when the war came to Norway and he took control over Norway. From that moment on his name was forever stained. This is a tragedy for the rest of his family, because he came from an old and distinguished family, a good family that even old people today speak about with respect.

Symbols and expressions within N.S. were taken from Norwegian Viking traditions. The main N.S. symbol was an encircled Golden Cross on red background, the St. Olavīs Cross. They also reinstalled old names and functions dating back to the Viking Age: the Hird was to be the hard-core political uniformed storm troops of NS, and equivalent to the German S.A.

Hirden - The NS Storm Troops In Viking and times, the circle of warriors and advisors close to the king was called the hird. The NS was much inspired by this golden age of Norwegian history, and in 1934 adopted the name for its equivalents of the German SA and Hitler Youth. This had originally been known as the Spesialavdelingen (Special Department). Later, the Hird unit for adult men was known as the Rikshirden (loosely translated as National Hird), while hird became the general label applied to several military style subsections of the NS (including organizations for women and children).

Related links:

Norway's liberation after WWII
Nuav - information about Norway during WW2.

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